Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a structured, goal-oriented type of talk therapy. It can help manage mental health conditions, such as depression and anxiety, and emotional concerns, such as coping with grief or stress. CBT can also help manage non psychological health conditions, such as insomnia and chronic pain.
Mental health professionals, including psychologist therapists and counselors, use it to treat or manage mental health conditions and emotional concerns. It’s one of the most common and best-studied forms of psychotherapy.
CBT is based on several core principles, including:
- Psychological issues are partly based on problematic or unhelpful patterns of thinking.
- Psychological issues are partly based on learned patterns of unhelpful behavior.
- Psychological issues are partly based on problematic core beliefs, including central ideas about yourself and the world.
- People experiencing psychological issues can learn better ways of coping with them. This can help relieve their symptoms and improve their mental and emotional health.